Monthly Archive: March 2014

Travelling to Portugal

Portugal is one of Europe’s most fascinating nations with its stunningly beautiful beaches and sunny lifestyle.  It’s a large country surrounded by the ocean on one side and Spain on the other.  With 830 km of coastline.  It’s unsurprising that the Portuguese has spent a long time looking out to sea.  The Portuguese people were very passionate about exploration as the great blue sea dominated its history cuisine economy and spare time.  Portugal has amazing beaches, glorious architecture, vast landscapes, rule hideaways, comments and monasteries, and a lot of natural beauty.  You will find cliffs and craggy rocks, long beaches, lagoons and Sareen, sandy islands, wooded hillsides with ravines and rivers.

Citizens of the European Union, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Romania and Switzerland need only an identity card to enter Portugal. For visits of less than 90 days, a passport valid for at least three months after the end of their stay is necessary.  For the latest Visa requirements and travel advice please contact your local embassy or check here if you need a passport photo service.

The Portuguese people and notably charming, courteous and good-humoured that know how to have a fun time.  Portugal is popular with surfers and windsurfers, as well, as sunseekers.  There are delightful the long golden Sands backed by cliffs and edged by turquoise sea.  There are many wonderful unspoiled beaches and remote feeling islands with sand and a clean ocean.

Portugal is excellent value for money.  You will find your euros will go on longer here than anywhere else.  Many museums are free, which can help for the budget conscious traveller.

lisbon tram

lisbon tram

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal and back on the 15th and 16th centuries.  Lisbon boomed due to a gold rush that was discovered in Brazil.  Many merchants flocked to Lisbon trading in gold, spices, civics and Jules.  But in 1755.  Everything changed.  Three major earthquakes hit, and the tremors brought an even more devastating fire and tidal wave will stop around 90,000 of the city’s 270,000 inhabitants died and much of the city was ruined, never to recover its former status.  Now, however, Portugal is a part of the European community, and since then Lisbon’s streets have become cleaner and investment has improved facilities.  In 1994.  It was named European city of culture.  It hosted an expo in 1998 and the 2004 European football championships.

The main castle that overlooks Lisbon has spent chatting with views across the entire city.  The castle as a series of “yards, filled with trees, rocky walls and old Canons that lookout over the city.

Forms of energy generation

In rich countries like Australia, our standard of living is dependent on easily available energy.  Every time you catch a bus, turn on a light or watch television energy is being used up.

Over the past 30 years, total energy consumption in Australia has more than doubled, while energy consumption per person has increased by almost 40%.  Between 2006 and 2020, as Australia’s economy continues to grow, our energy consumption is likely to increase by 26%.

non-renewable energy

non-renewable energy

So, where does all this energy come from?  There are two types of energy sources: nonrenewable and renewable.  Non-renewable sources of energy come in the form of coal, oil and natural gas.  They took millions of years to form, under conditions that may never be repeated.  Because we are running down the nonrenewable stock in the world very quickly, sooner or later they will run out.  Fossil fuels are formed from deposits of plants and animals that lived more than 250 million years ago and are found beneath the earth.  Fossil fuels must be produced from coal mines, oil or gas wells and burned in order to release the energy they store.  Australia currently relies on nonrenewable energy from fossil fuel than 95% of its energy needs.  Of this, coal provides 41%, all 36% and gas 19%.

When fossil fuels are burned the carbon and hydrogen in them combine with oxygen in the air to form carbon dioxide and water.  The carbon dioxide produced is one of the biggest problems with the use of fossil fuels.

Renewable energy.  On the other hand, uses natural energy sources that are inexhaustible or naturally replenished on human timescales.  Renewable energy sources include solar power, wind power and hydroelectricity.  All of these can be captured in different ways.  For example, an increasing number of houses in Australia now have solar thermal panels on their roofs to heat water, and many also have photovoltaic panels to convert the energy in the Suns rays directly into electricity.  Ballarat electricians are busy installing these on Australian homes all throughout the year.

Biofuels are also a form of renewable energy.  They are made by converting the solar energy trapped in vegetation, such as sugar cane stalks and corn into a form of alcohol.  Unlike most nonrenewable energy sources, the generation of energy from renewable sources releases little or no greenhouse gases will stop renewable sources provide around 5% of energy used in Australia.  Our main renewable energy sources other biofuels and water.  Solar and wind energy account for only a tiny fraction of Australia’s energy use.  There are currently no nuclear power plants in Australia.

All energy sources have their advantages and disadvantages.  The major issues when weighing up the pros and cons of an energy source our cost, availability and environmental impacts (particularly greenhouse gas emissions).

renewable energy

renewable energy